Q: My nickname is Abdul-Qawiy. What is the ruling of Islam on this nickname? Also, is it permissible to say: “I put my trust in Allah, then in you”? or: “I have hope in you brother…”?
A: It is permissible to say: “I put my trust in Allah, then in you” for Tawakkul (putting trust in Allah) is to leave one’s affairs to Him and rely on Him Alone. Tawakkul in the slaves of Allah after Tawakkul in Allah (may He be Glorified and Exalted) is to authorize His slaves to do the things that they can do. Allah (may He be Exalted) has Mashi’ah (Will) and so do His slaves but the Mashi’ah of the slaves of Allah is dependent on that of Allah, who says: To whomsoever among you who wills to walk straight. And you cannot will unless (it be) that Allâh wills — the Lord of the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinn and all that exists). and Verily, this is an admonition: therefore whosoever wills, let him take a Path to His Lord! But you cannot will, unless Allâh wills. Verily, Allâh is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise. ( Part No : 1, Page No: 378) Moreover, this matter is clarified by our Prophet (peace be upon him) in the following Hadith that is related and declared Sahih (a Hadith that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish) by Al-Nasa’iy on the authority of Qutaylah: A Jewish man came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said: You make rivals and partners to Allah when you say: “What Allah and you desire” and also when you say: “By the Ka`bah”. Therefore, the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered them to say when they want to take an oath: “By the Lord of the Ka`bah”. He also ordered them to say: “What Allah desires, then what you desire”. He (peace be upon him) said in another Sahih Hadith: Do not say, “What Allah wills and so and so wills,” but say: “What Allah wills then so and so wills”. On the other hand, Abdul-Qawiy can be used as a nickname and as a name for Al-Qawiy (the All-Strong) is one of the Names of Allah (may He be Exalted). May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!
Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ Member Member Committee Deputy Chairman The Chairman `Abdullah ibn Qa`ud `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz