Regarding the statements: “My recitation of the Qur’aan is created/uncreated”.
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله رب العالمين
و الصلاة و السلام على رسوله الأمين
Ibn Abee Daawood mentions in his poem ‘Haa’iyyah(1)’:
And do not say that the Quran is created, meaning: its recitation,
Since the Speech of Allaah, through its recitation, is made clear.
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah) explains:
“And this is the third madhhab regarding this matter;
The First Madhhab: (They) state clearly that the Qur’aan is created.
The Second Madhhab: (They) withold, so they do not say (the Qur’aan) is created or uncreated.
The Third Madhhab: They say: ‘The recitation of the Qur’aan is created’, so one of them will (actually) say “My recitation of the Qur’aan is created!”
This (third madhhab) in reality is deception (and it is) upon the speech that ‘that Qur’aan is created’. It is not allowed for you to say: ‘My recitation of the Qur’aan is created’, neither is it allowed for you to say : ‘(My recitation) is uncreated’. Rather (this issue) requires detailed explanation.
If you say: ‘My recitation of the Qur’aan is created’ and you do not clarify, then this is the madhhab of the Jahmiyyah(2).
If you say: ‘My recitation of the Qur’aan is uncreated’ then you have made your (bodily) actions equal with the actions of Allaah and you have made your action (of recitation) uncreated. This is the madhhab of the Qadariyyah, those who deny the Qadr (Pre-Decree) and claim that the slaves are the ones who invent their own actions and bring them into existence.
So it is a must that you clarify, in that you ask: ‘what do you intend with your saying ‘my recitation of the Qur’aan’? Do you intend the utterance (with the tongue) and the vocalisation/voice or do you intend that which is being recited (i.e. the Qur’aan)?
If you intend the thing that is being recited itself, then it is uncreated for verily that which is being recited is the Speech of Allaah, Majestic and Most High.
Whereas if you intended the actual utterance, that which is pronounced with your tongue, then this is created. For your tongue, voice and utterance of words are created. As for what is being recited itself – which is transmitted by vocalisation – then this is uncreated. Therefore it (the statement mentioned) requires clarification.
They (those who make these kinds of statements) want generalities, with that you say: ‘My recitation is created’, or that you say: ‘(my recitation) is uncreated’. They enter (start their evil) by way of this trick. Thus you must clarify, in order to cut off their path.
This is why Ahlus-Sunnah say:
الصوت صوت القاري و الكلام كلام الباري
The voice is the voice of the reciter and the speech is the Speech of the Originator.
Meaning: That which is being recited is the Speech of Allaah, as for the recitation and the action (of recitation), then it is the speech of the creation, his voice is created and his pronunciation is created.
Due to this peoples recitations and voices differ (in their recitation of the Qur’aan), some of them have elegancy whilst others do not, some of them are good whilst others not so – this is a proof that the voice is created. Those who recite the Qur’aan differ (from each other), some of them have been given beautiful voices whilst others have not been given that, but as for the Speech of Allah – Majestic and Most High – then of course it is of the highest perfection.
It is not befitting to even enter into this matter, however they (the Jahmiyyah and Qadariyyah) have compelled the Muslims to (enter into) this. It (has become) a must to expose them and to clarify (the Truth). In reality it is an affliction and had not Allaah brought about Imaams who could clarify this, then many of the people would have remained doubtful in this matter.
So the Madhaahib are three:
The First: The way of the Jahmiyyah, who speak with the creation of the Qur’aan.
The Second: The way of the Waaqifah (who say neither and ‘withold’).
The Third: The way of the Lafdhiyyah, those who say: “My recitation of the Qur’aan is created” or “My recitation of the Qur’aan is uncreated”.
We say to them (the third group): You have to make clarification, if you intend the recitation with (your) voice then this is created but if you intend what is being recited, then it is the Speech of Allaah, which is uncreated.
For this reason it has been narrated in the hadeeth:
((Beautify the Qur’aan with your voices)),(3)
Thus the reciter is required to beautify his voice when reciting the Qur’aan. (The Prophet) – sallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – used to be amazed by a beautiful voice (reciting) the Qur’aan, he would listen to Aboo Moosaa al-Ash’aree – radiyallaahu ‘anhu – whilst he was praying during the night, because Allaah had given him a good recitation, so the Prophet – sallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – would listen to him. Likewise the Prophet – sallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam ordered ‘Abdullaah bin Mas’ood – radiyallaahu ‘anhu – to recite for him and he would listen to him, he said:
((Surely, I love to listen to other than myself))(4),
so (ibn Mas’ood) recited to him the beginning of Sooratun-Nisaa. The Prophet – sallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – loved a nice voice reciting the Qur’aan and a good voice is a blessing from Allaah.” (End of Shaykh al-Fawzaan’s speech).
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1) A poem regarding the ‘Aqeedah of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah written by Aboo Bakr Abdullaah bin Sulaymaan binul-Ash’ath as-Sijistaanee (died.316H rahimahullaah). He was well known by the name ‘ibn Abee Daawood’ for his father was the great Imaam Aboo Daawood (author of Sunan Abee Daawood). [Trans. note]
2) The Jahmiyyah: A deviant, astray sect whose origins lie with Jahm bin Safwaan and his teachers, Jahm was later executed by the Ruler of his time (due to his beleiefs). They took principles from the books of Greek/Indian philosophers and applied these to the Religion of Allaah. They negate all of Allaah’s Names and Attributes, His Istiwaa above the Throne and His Descent to the lowest heaven in the last third of the night. They claim Allaah exists without a place. These claims here regarding the Qur’aan and a classic example of their misguidance and confusion. They broke up/deformed into splinter groups like the Mu’tazilah, the Kullaabiyyah, the Ashaa’irah, the Maatureediyyah, etc. For more information, go to: http://www.asharis.com [Trans. note]
3) Reported by Aboo Daawood (1468), an-Nasaa’ee in ‘al-Mujtabaa’ (2/179), ibn Maajah (1342), Ahmad in ‘al-Musnad’ (4/283), al-Bayhaqee in ‘as-Sunanul-Kubraa’ (2/53), ad-Daarimee (2/565), al-Haakim in ‘al-Mustadrak’ (1/76, 762) and Aboo Ya’laa in ‘al-Musnad’ (3/245). This hadeeth was authenticated by the Muhaddith ash-Shaykh Muhammad Naasirud-Deen al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah).
4) From the hadeeth of Aboo Burdah reported by al-Bukhaaree (5048) and Muslim (236 and 793) upon the authority of Aboo Moosaa al-Ash’aree (radiyallaahu ‘anhu).
5) Reported by al-Bukhaaree (4582) and Muslim (248 and 800) from the hadeeth of ‘Abdullaah bin Mas’ood (radiyallaahu ‘anhu).
– Sharhul-Mandhoomatil-Haa’iyyah fee ‘Aqeedati Ahlis-Sunnati wal-Jamaa’ah of Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah)pg.75-77 Daarul-‘Aasimah.
[Translated by Abul-Husayn Yusuf McNulty, with the exception of the opening line of poetry (which was taken from the translation on troid.ca)]
Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ‘ala rasulullaah
Here is part of what Shaikh Saalih al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah) said in his sharh of ‘Aqeedah At-Tahaawiyyah regarding those deviants who say, “the Qur`an is created.” Search for Points 45-54, pages 33-39 of the link.
QUESTIONS RELATING TO POINT 49
Q: Which groups believe that the Qur`aan is created??
The Jahmiyyah and the Mu’tazilah.
Q: Why do these groups hold this belief?
They hold this mistaken belief because they believe that Allaah does not literally speak – due to their foolish methodology of negating all of Allaah’s Attributes. They fall into this out of fear that by affirming Allaah’s Attributes, they will be committing tashbeeh (resembling Allaah to the Creator).
These groups do not distinguish between the Attributes of the Creator on one hand, and the Attributes of the Creation on the other.So these groups flee from tashbeeh (resembling Allaah to His Creation) only to fall into the blameworthy ta’teel (negation of Allaah’s Attributes) – which in fact is even worse! A good example of: out of the frying pan, into the Fire.
Q: What simple principle does the shaykh bring to destroy their arguments?
He hafidhahullaah said:
If only they (i.e. these two groups) affirmed that which Allaah affirmed for Himself, and were aware that there is a difference between the Attributes of the Creator and the Attributes of the Creation, they would surely have precisely arrived at the Truth, and felt at ease, and left the people at ease. However they were upon misguidance.
QUESTIONS RELATING TO POINT 50
Q: What is the ruling passed upon the person who thinks that when he hears the Qur`aan, he is only hearing the speech of a human?
This person has committed kufr (disbelief).
Q: Why is this ruling passed upon such a person?
Such a person has rejected the speech of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic. So if there is no speech of Allaah which He revealed upon His Servants, then how can the hujjah (proof) be established against them?
If there is not be found anywhere in existence the Speech of Allaah – not in the Tawraah, nor in the Injeel, nor in the Qur`aan – then this implies that the proof from Allaah has not been established upon Mankind, and this is from the worst forms of disbelief and the most severe misguidance.
QUESTIONS RELATING TO POINT 51
Q: Who is the person mentioned in the Qur`aan itself who made the grave error of saying that the Qur`aan was the speech of a human?
It was al Waleed ibn al Mugheerah al Makhzoomi. He was from the senior figures amongst the kuffaar of Makkah, and one of their most powerful people. He was known as ‘The Flower of Makkah’ due to his high standing amongst them.
Q: How did he come to deny that the Qur`aan was the Speech of Allaah?
When he heard the Qur`aan, al Waleed was amazed by it and knew that it could not be the speech of a mere human. He therefore praised it, acknowledging that it was not like the poetry or sorcery that he was familiar with. However his people scolded and reprimanded him for saying this, since his statement would mean acknowledging the messengership of Muhammad sall Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam.
So al Waleed turned back on his opinion and said: This is nothing but the word of a human being. (Soorah al Muddathir (74) aayah 25)
And so Allaah revealed the aayaat in Soorah al Muddathir (aayaat 18 to 25).
Q: What fate did Allaah promise this man?
He, the Most High, stated: I will cast him into Hellfire. (Soorah al Muddathir (74) aayah 26)
QUESTIONS RELATING TO POINT 52
Q: To whom does the shaykh hafidhahullaah compare al Waleed ibn al Mugheerah al Makhzoomi?
He compares al Waleed to the misguided Muslim who incorrectly states that the Qur`aan is not the Speech of Allaah in reality, but rather the speech of a man.
For what is the difference between these two people – al Waleed and the misguided Muslim – except that the latter claims Islaam for himself and the former did not claim to be Muslim??