Al-Fawzaan on Jarh and Ta’deel in this Day and Age

Questioner: Noble Shaikh, may Allaah grant you success, the questioner says, “We have heard from your excellency that [you say that] the door to Jarh and Ta’deel is closed in this time?”

Al-Fawzaan: “And are you going to open it now? Where is Jarh and Ta’deel? Where is the person who is able to acquaint [himself] with this field? These people do not have anything except speaking about people and defaming them, ‘So and so is like this and so and so is like that,’ this is backbiting, this is backbiting and it is not allowed. This is not Jarh or Ta’deel. Jarh and Ta’deel is knowledge connected to the chains of narrations, the chains of narrations of a hadith. As for you sitting and saying, ‘So and so has this, and so and so has that,’ praising and criticising—this is not Jarh and Ta’deel. This is Jarh only, there is no ta’deel in it.

[It is] Jarh and backbiting and tale-carrying.”

Sharh al-Muntaqaa min Akhbaar Sayyidil-Mursaleen, at 1:17:56, from a lecture given on the 7th September 2013.


al-Qawaaid al-‘Arba’a The Four Foundations, Al-Allamah Saaleh bin Fawzaan al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullah)

In this course, you will learn:
What is Shirk?
Is the Muslim Ummah Protected from Shirk?
Is the ruling concerning a grave-worshiper different from the ruling concerning those who worshiped the idols during the time of Allah’s Messenger?
Do we call anybody who calls upon the dead, or makes Tawaaf around their grave out of respect, or worships the dead – a Mushrik right away?

Is seeking Barakah (blessings) from the creation an act of Shirk?
Is there Barakah in the remnants of the Prophet after his death?

Who is a Wali? What is Karamah? Is Karamah necessary for Wilayah?
Does Allah honor his Wali by causing his Karamah to benefit people even after his death?

What is Shafa’ah (intercession) and its types?
What are the different Shafa’ah that are special for Prophet Muhammad?
What are the conditions of the approved Shafa’ah?
How is it to ask Shafa’ah or Dua from the Prophet while he is in his grave?
May Allah make us amongst those who listen and benefit,
and may Allah increase the ranks of all the scholars of Ahlus-Sunnah, who indeed are the inheritors of the Prophet.
May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon our messenger Muhammed, upon his family and upon those who follow his path until the Last Day.





Advice and Recommendations for the one who suffers from Stress and Anxiety

Advice and Recommendations for the one who suffers from Stress and Anxiety

Imam Ibn Al-Qayyim (رحمه الله) Says:

Grief, sorrow and distress only occur from two directions:
One of it is: The desire for the worldly life and having a zeal for it
And the second is: shortening in the actions of obedience and piety. From ‘Uddah As-Saabireen pg.227

All Praise is to Allah-The Lord of the Worlds-and may he send peace and blessings upon our Prophet Muhammad, his relatives and companions

To Proceed:

Verily the problem associated with stress and anxiety has become from the many great problems, and it is one that afflicts numerous amounts of people.

Some of the signs of Stress and Anxiety:

1. Feeling tight and constricted and lack of relaxation, along with continual grief and sorrow
2. Difficulty in concentrating or an empty-mind feeling and weakness in thinking
3. Doubts and uncertainties whether in ambition or in companions and the general people
4. Having doubt that he is afflicted with dangerous illnesses
5. Difficulty in sleeping; from sweating, lack of relaxation and nightmares
6. Panic-attacks and the fear of facing the people, from that which causes seclusion and depression
7. Feeling a change in personality or a change in the surrounding environment even if in reality that isn’t the case
8. Fearing the closeness of death in an increased sense to that of the normal state
9. Feeling numbness and tingling in the body and limbs
10. Colonic Contraction, Stomachache and tense headache
11. Weakness of sexual desire
12. Ill-Fated in most affairs
13. Short tempered and provocative
14. Magnifying small issues
15. Quickness in fatigue and exhaustion and anorexia

Based on this, the clinics for neurological and psychological disorders have become overcrowded by patients, and all sorts of psychological medication have been used. However with investigation you’ll find that only rare from amongst the patients are recovering. That is because there are other remedial reasons that most psychologists neglect and many patients aren’t concerned with, and they are-by the permission of Allah-the most important causes of recovery from this condition and we will mention to you some of them:

From the most vital causes of recovery:

1. Belief in Allah and Righteous actions;

Allah-The Most High- Said:

مَنْ عَمِلَ صَالِحًا مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَى وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَنُحْيِيَنَّهُ حَيَاةً طَيِّبَةً ۖ وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْرَهُمْ بِأَحْسَنِ مَا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, while he (or she) is a true believer (of Islâmic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good life (in this world with respect, contentment and lawful provision),
And We shall pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter). (An-Nahl:97)

Belief is that you believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, In the Last day and in predestination both its good and bad

2. Belief in the pre-decree of Allah-The Most High;

Allah-The Most High-Said:

مَا أَصَابَ مِنْ مُصِيبَةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مِنْ
قَبْلِ أَنْ نَبْرَأَهَا إِنَّ ذَلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ

No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz), before We bring it into existence.Verily, that is easy for Allâh.
In order that you may not be sad over matters that you fail to get, nor rejoice because of that which has been given to you. And Allâh likes not prideful boasters. (Al-Hadid 22-23)

The Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) Said: For everything is a reality and a servant hasn’t reached the reality of belief until he acknowledges that what has afflicted him cannot have missed him and what has missed him cannot have afflicted him. Ahmad Narrated it through Abu Ad-Dardaa (رضي الله عنه) and it is in As-Saheeh Al-Musnad by Al-Allamah Al-Waad’ee

You are a servant belonging to Allah-The Glorified-and this is a thing that Allah has decreed for you. Allah wanted goodness for you; from forgiving your sins and raising your levels.
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: Verily a man will have a level with Allah-he doesn’t reach it with an action-so Allah doesn’t cease to afflict him with what he hates until he makes him reach it (that level). Reported by Abu Ya’laa and Ibn Hibbaan through Abu Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه) and it is in Al-Silsilah As-Saheehah (6/100) (2599). The one that believes in pre-decree both its good and bad will live in comfort.

3. Perseverance upon the prayer;
That is by maintaining the obligatory prayers in its (appropriate) times and inside the Houses of Allah, and to pray it similar to the way the Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) prayed it with its conditions, pillars, voluntaries and humility.

Allah-The Most High-said:

وَاسْتَعِينُواْ بِالصَّبْرِ وَالصَّلاَةِ وَإِنَّهَا لَكَبِيرَةٌ إِلاَّ عَلَى الْخَاشِعِينَ

And seek help in patience and As-Salât (the prayer) and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for Al-Khâshi’ûn [i.e. the true believers in Allâh – those who obey Allâh with full submission, fear much from His Punishment, and believe in His Promise (Paradise, etc.) and in His Warnings (Hell, etc.)].(Al-Baqarah:45)

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) would resort to prayer when a matter saddened him. Likewise by maintaining the set voluntary prayers (those after the Compulsory prayers) and increasing in the general voluntary prayers like the pre-noon and night prayers.

4. Fasting three days from every month;
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: Fasting three days from every month removes the bitterness of the heart. Reported by Ahmed and it is in As-Saheeh Al-Musnad. He Said: Fasting is a protection. Agreed upon by Abu Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه).

5. Perseverance upon the Supplications;
For verily the remembrance of Allah-The Most High-is a reason for the tranquility of the heart.
He said:

الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَتَطْمَئِنُّ قُلُوبُهُمْ بِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ ۗ أَلَا بِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ تَطْمَئِنُّ الْقُلُوبُ

Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism), and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allâh, Verily, in the remembrance of Allâh do hearts find rest. (Ar-Ra’d:28)

Example: the supplications for the morning and evening, sleeping, after the prayer and other than it.

6. Increasing in reciting the Quran;

Allah-The Most High-said:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَاءَتْكُمْ مَوْعِظَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ وَشِفَاءٌ لِمَا فِي الصُّدُورِ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ

O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord (i.e. the Qur’an, ordering all that is good and forbidding all that is evil), and a healing for that (disease of ignorance, doubt, hypocrisy and differences, etc.) in your breasts, – a guidance and a mercy (explaining lawful and unlawful things, etc.) for the believers. (Yunus:57)

And He said:

وَنُنَزِّلُ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ مَا هُوَ شِفَاءٌ وَرَحْمَةٌ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ ۙ وَلَا يَزِيدُ الظَّالِمِينَ إِلَّا خَسَارًا

And We send down from the Qur’ân that which is a healing and a mercy to those who believe (in Islâmic Monotheism and act on it), and it increases the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrongdoers) nothing but loss. (Al-Israa:82)

7. The Legislated Recitations and Supplications (Ar-Ruqyah Ash-Shar’iyyah);
From the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of the Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) like: the recitation of Aayah Al-Kursee, Surah Al-Ikhlaas, Al-Mu’awwithatayn (Surah Al-Falaq and An-Naas), reciting surah Al-Faatihah and the supplications that came from the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم).

8. Patience;
And it is from the best of medications.

Allah-The Most High-said:

وَاسْتَعِينُواْ بِالصَّبْرِ وَالصَّلاَةِ وَإِنَّهَا لَكَبِيرَةٌ إِلاَّ عَلَى الْخَاشِعِينَ

And seek help in patience and As-Salât (the prayer) and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for Al-Khâshi’ûn [i.e. the true believers in Allâh – those who obey Allâh with full submission, fear much from His Punishment, and believe in His Promise (Paradise, etc.) and in His Warnings (Hell, etc.)].(Al-Baqarah:45)

The Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: Amazing is the affair of the believer, all his affairs are good. If he is encountered by joy he thanks and so it becomes good for him. If evil befalls him, then he becomes patient and that becomes good for him, and that isn’t (the case) except with the believer. Reported by Muslim through Suhaib (رضي الله عنه).

9. Supplicating with humility to Allah;

Allah-The Most High-said:

وَقَالَ رَبُّكُمُ ادْعُونِي أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ ۚ
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ عَنْ عِبَادَتِي سَيَدْخُلُونَ جَهَنَّمَ دَاخِرِينَ

And your Lord said: “Invoke Me, [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islâmic Monotheism)] (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islâmic Monotheism)] they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!” (Qaafir:60)

And He said:

وَإِذَا سَأَلَكَ عِبَادِي عَنِّي فَإِنِّي قَرِيبٌ
أُجِيبُ دَعْوَةَ الدَّاعِ إِذَا دَعَانِ
فَلْيَسْتَجِيبُواْ لِي وَلْيُؤْمِنُواْ بِي لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْشُدُونَ

And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. (Al-Baqarah:186)

He-The Most High-said:

وَإِن يَمْسَسْكَ اللّهُ بِضُرٍّ فَلاَ كَاشِفَ لَهُ إِلاَّ هُوَ
وَإِن يَمْسَسْكَ بِخَيْرٍ فَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدُيرٌ

And if Allâh touches you with harm, none can remove it but He, and if He touches you with good, then He is Able to do all things. (Al-An’aam:17)

So upon you is supplication to Allah-The Glorious and Most High-and humbleness before him especially in the times of acceptance like the last third of the night, the last hour on the day of Jumu’ah, during prostration and other than that.

10. Distancing oneself from the magicians and sorcerers;

The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: Whoever goes to a fortune-teller then asks him a thing, forty-day’s prayers won’t be accepted, reported by Muslim. These are the ones who spread magic in the society, hence it is befitting to reprimand them, warn the people from them and to not believe them.

11. Dealing appropriately with others;

Allah-The Most High-said:

وَقُولُواْ لِلنَّاسِ حُسْناً وَأَقِيمُواْ الصَّلاَةَ وَآتُواْ الزَّكَاةَ

and speak good to people [i.e. enjoin righteousness and forbid evil, and say the truth about Muhammad Peace be upon him ], and perform As-Salât(Iqâmat-as-Salât), and give Zakât. (Al-Baqarah:83)

Whether they maybe kin, companions, neighbors or other than them from the general people, good manners are a cause from the causes of having happiness. The most things that cause a person to enter paradise after Tawheed are good manners.

12. Avoiding disputes and arguments according to one’s ability;
Because it is from the biggest causes of distress and if he’s afflicted with it then let him confront the bad with good, be patient, hide his anger and expect his reward with Allah.
Allah-The Most High-said regarding the attributes of the Pious:

الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ فِي السَّرَّاء وَالضَّرَّاء وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ وَالْعَافِينَ عَنِ النَّاسِ وَاللّهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

Those who spend [in Allâh’s Cause – deeds of charity, alms, etc.] in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allâh loves Al-Muhsinûn (the good*doers). (Aal-‘Imraan:134)

13. Leaving off the lust for this worldly life and yearning for it;
Taking the permissible provision with pleasure and contentment, for verily this worldly life is a trial and a time-occupier.
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: Prosperity isn’t due to the abundance in wealth but rather prosperity is satisfaction. Agreed upon by Abu Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه).

14. Lack of concern in regards to the issue of provision and lifespan;

Allah-The Most High-said:

وَمَا كَانَ لِنَفْسٍ أَنْ تَمُوتَ إِلاَّ بِإِذْنِ الله كِتَابًا مُّؤَجَّلاً

And no person can ever die except by Allâh’s Leave and at an appointed term. (Aal-‘Imraan:145)

And the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: Do not hasten the provision for verily one doesn’t die until the last of his provision that belongs to him reaches him, so beautify in seeking (provision); He takes the permissible and leaves off the prohibited. Narrated by Ibn Hibban through Jaabir (رضي الله عنه) and it is in As-Saheeh Al-Musnad.
So the provisions have been divided and the lifespans have been counted, therefore it is upon you to be satisfied with what Allah has allocated.

15. Abstinence from Smoke, Qaat and Shammah (different forms of hallucinogenic drugs);

Allah-The Most High-said:

وَيُحِلُّ لَهُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْخَبَآئِثَ

He allows them as lawful At-Taiyibât [(i.e. all good and lawful) as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.], and prohibits them as unlawful Al-Khabâ’ith (i.e. all evil and unlawful as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.) (Al-A’raaf:157)

Verily Qaat is considered in Yemen the main ingredient for the spread of distress and mental disorders as it contains many agents and neural stimulants. Most studies view that mental disorders resulting from eating Qaat that undergo psychotherapy, don’t ever recover rather the condition escalates from bad to worse.

16. Refraining from the forbidden things;
Like drinking alcohol, eating haraam, listening to music, looking at pornographic pictures and other than it from the prohibited things.

17. Eagerness in sitting with the Righteous and abstaining from the evil companions;
For verily “The similitude of the righteous companion and the evil companion is that of the carrier of musk and the blower of the bellow (Blacksmith)” As the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) mentioned.

18. Having a good thought of Allah;
That Allah is able to grant you cure and that He-The Most Glorious-afflicts you with what He wills. In the Hadeeth Qudsee Allah Says: I am at the expectation of my servant towards me, so let him expect from me what he wills. Narrated by Ahmed through Waathilah (رضي الله عنه).

19. To not despair of cure;
There isn’t any sickness except that Allah has made for it a cure-whoever knows it, knows it, and whoever is ignorant of it is ignorant of it-except death.

20. Occupying the time with what benefits;
And not busying oneself or thinking about political issues, wars, nations and news channels. For verily this is considered a big gate from the gates of distress. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: Be eager in what benefits you, reported by Muslim. He should have trust in Allah as the matter in its entirety belongs to Allah, to Him all the affairs return and He is the one who manages the affairs and changes it how He wills.
Allah-The Most High-said:

قُلْ لَنْ يُصِيبَنَا إِلَّا مَا كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَنَا هُوَ مَوْلَانَا ۚ
وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ

Say: “Nothing shall ever happen to us except what Allâh has ordained for us. He is our Maulâ (Lord, Helper and Protector).” And in Allâh let the believers put their trust. (At-Tawbah:51)

Some Other Guidelines:

1. Registering in the paid treatment by the doctor
2. Early Sleeping
3. Proper eating, using honey, Black seed and Zam-Zam water for they are blessed remedies-with the permission of Allah.

Therefore it is binding upon you to adhere to these recommendations if you want Allah to favor you with recovery and wellbeing and we ask Allah to cure the sick from among the Muslims and all praise is to Allah-The Lord of the worlds.

Translator’s Footnote:

This information sheet was originally posted on Aloloom Arabic forum, and was written by one of the doctors of Ahlussunnah in Dammaj. It is a beneficial article and hence I decided to translate it so the people may benefit from it. As can be seen in the article, there are many evidences sought from the Book and Sunnah which is the case with the people of Sunnah and this methodology is opposed by the people of desires like Az-Zindaanee who try to prove the validity of the sunan through the use of scientific breakthroughs that are prone to alteration and critique.

Prepared and Written by Doctor Faisal Ibn Misfir Al-Waad’ee Translated by Abu Abdirrahman Hassan ibn Aadam
(Originally posted as a pamphlet in Aloloom Arabic forum)


Faith in Allah

Professionally, Shaikh (Dr.) Abdullah al-Farsi has a Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering, from Cleveland State University, U.S.A. Shaikh (Dr.) Abdullah al-Farsi has studied many books under senior students from the Islamic University of Madeenah, and has been encouraged by them to teach the books of Aqeedah in English. Amongst the major scholars who know him are Shaikh Saaleh aal-Shaikh and Shaikh Saleh ibn al-Fawzan. He was known to Shaikh Ibn Baaz (rahimahullah) and has an honorary tazkeeyah (recommendation) from Shaikh Badiuddin Shah Sindhi (rahimahullah). Shaikh (Dr.) Abdullah al-Farsi has been active in the field of dawah since 1980, mostly in America and Europe, and he has taught many Aqeedah books in Kuwait. He has an extensive personal research on books of Tafseer, explanations of Hadeeth and the writings of Shaikhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah).

Topics Covered under Faith in Allah

Importance of Faith in Islam * The Importance of Learning Faith before other aspects of the religion * The Importance and significance of Sunnah in Islam

Faith in the Existence of Allah * Four Proofs of Allah’s Existence * Sound Human Instinct that bears witness to the Existence of Allah * Rational Proofs which no sound mind can reject * All Divine Religions testify to the Existence of Allah * Real Life Incidents that are beyond human capabilities testify to the Existence of Allah

The Three Categories of Tawheed * The Three Categories of Tawheed (Oneness of Allah) mentioned in the Qur’an * Establishing Tawheed before other aspects of the Religion * The Necessity of being upon Tawheed at one’s last moment * No proof of dividing Tawheed into more than three Categories * Actions are part of Eeman and not the fruit of Eeman

Faith in Tawheed ar-Rububiyah (Oneness of Allah’s Lordship) * No nation ever denied the Lordship of Allah. * Allah called the learned men of the Jews and Christians as ‘their lords’ because they took their learned men as legislators besides Allah. * Ruling by the Rule of Allah falls under Tawheed (Oneness) of Allah’s Lordship because it is applying Allah’s Judgment that pertains to His Lordship and Authority * Ruling by the Rule of Allah also falls under Tawheed (Oneness) of Allah’s Worship because it is our act of worship to submit to the Legislation of Allah.

Faith in al-Asma was-Sifaat (Oneness of Allah’s Names and Attributes) * Affirming all the Names and Attributes of Allah mentioned in the Qur’an and the Sunnah * Declaring Allah to be free from any imperfection * Declaring Allah to be free from any resemblance * No hope of understanding the true nature of Allah’s Attributes * Verses and Ahadeeth that speak about the Names and Attributes of Allah are not ambiguous * Believing in the Names and Attributes of Allah is obligatory * The primary Cause behind deviation concerning Allah’s Names and Attributes is Anthropomorphism (i.e., not declaring Allah to be free from resemblance)

Faith in al-Uluhiyyah (Oneness of Allah’s Worship) * 3 Pillars of Worship * Love of Allah * Desire in Allah’s Mercy * Fear of Allah’s Wrath * The Importance of Striking a Balance between Hope in * Allah’s Mercy and Fear of His Wrath

The Two Conditions of Worship
1. Sincerity: Purity of Intention
2. According to the Sharee’ah

Refuting those who misinterpret La ilaha illa Allah

The Importance of Knowing Allah Correctly

Wife’s Duties and Husband’s Rights

The fourth question of Fatwa no. 9404

Q 4: What is the ruling on a woman doing housework, such as cleaning and washing? Is she considered a sinner if she neglects it? Is it one of her duties towards her husband to cook for him? Can a husband prevent his wife from buying whatever she wants with her money if she has enough accessories and other luxurious things? Her husband provides her food, clothing,

(Part No. 19; Page No. 219)

and shelter, but she does not want the clothes her husband buys for her; she wants to buy expensive clothes, accessories and luxurious things for herself and her son. She buys all this from her own money, but her husband does not agree to this and does not buy her most of the accessories that she wants. As the Nafaqah (obligatory financial support) is obligatory on a husband, can he prevent his wife from buying anything for the house with her own money? Please suggest for me some useful books or publications related to marital life, a wife’s rights, and also child rearing, whether issued by the Committee or others. Do not forget to include information on their prices and where I can purchase them. Please provide me with a detailed reply, as I am a common man and I need to know everything in detail related to marriage and raising children.

A: Firstly, the ruling on a wife doing housework, such as cooking, washing, cleaning and so on differs according to the social class, customs and traditions of each society. Secondly, a husband cannot prevent his wife from buying foods and clothes with her own money, unless she is a spendthrift or buys something prohibited. In this case, he should prevent her from wasting her money or buying prohibited things and should be firm about that.

(Part No. 19; Page No. 220)

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Deputy Chairman Chairman
`Abdul-Razzaq `Afify
`Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

> A wife being kind to the parents-in-law as an act of good companionship

The third question of Fatwa no. 18280

Q 3: is it the husband’s right that his wife should treat his parents kindly and be dutiful to them even if they are not Muslims? It should be noted that they live in a separate apartment away from his family and she visits them occasionally. We appreciate your advice. May Allah reward you best!

(Part No. 19; Page No. 266)

A: A Muslim woman is required to treat people kindly, whether they are in-laws or anyone else, and this is highly stressed when it comes to her husband’s parents because this strengthens the marital bond and helps the husband express dutifulness to his parents. May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member Member Member Chairman
Bakr Abu Zayd
Salih Al-Fawzan
`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan
`Abdul-`Aziz Al Al-Shaykh
`Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

A wife serving her parents-in-law

(Part No. 19; Page No. 264)

Fatwa no. 4985

Q: I have a seventy-year-old mother who lives in Syria. I am her only male child. I left the country three years ago. Please keep in mind the difficult conditions prevailing in the country, especially in the distressed governorate of Hamah. Of course, the news reached you about it. That is why I prefer not to travel there. However, my mother lives there alone. Last month, she was afflicted with a disease that has made her incapable of moving. My mother wishes that I send my wife toSyria to help her during this painful sickness. My wife does not want to travel because of the difficult conditions there and because of her four children who are unable to help themselves. Even more, one of those children is young and requires continuous care, especially that he is sick and needs special care. Moreover, she does not want to travel alone. I am intending to send my wife with the teachers who will travel to Syria at the end of this school year, but my wife does not want to. The question is: Is there any obligation in Shari`ah (Islamic law) that a wife should nurse her mother-in-law? If my wife does not travel, will I be undutiful to my mother who may be angry at me because of this?

(Part No. 19; Page No. 265)

A: First, there is nothing in Shari`ah that obligates a wife to help her mother-in-law, except if she does this out of her kindness, capability, and good treatment to her husband and for the sake of establishing ties with her husband’s relatives. Second, your wife is excused if she does not travel to your mother for fear of the difficult conditions and dangers prevailing in the country where your mother lives. There is no sin on you if she does not want to travel even if your mother is angry. You have to be dutiful to your mother in other ways as much as you can. For example, you can bring her to live with you, send her money to hire someone to serve her, or do any other thing within your capabilities. May Allah help you! May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member Member Deputy Chairman Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud
`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan
`Abdul-Razzaq `Afify
`Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

A wife who hates her father-in-law

Fatwa no. 12193

Q: i have a wife who lives in a separate house away from my parents whom she deeply hates. She does not even like them to come to the house. It should be noted that she has four children. When my parents visit me, she does not serve them. It is I who serve them food, which I actually buy from restaurants, make them coffee, and prepare their beds. I do not let them feel my wife’s dislike for them. When they ask me about her, I tell them that she and I had a quarrel. I do not want them to feel that she hates them. Please advise me. What should I do as regards my parents, this wife, and the children who are torn between their mother

(Part No. 19; Page No. 267)

and me? Since I do not want to offend my wife, I would like to give her advice through your Fatwa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar). I will give the Fatwa to one of her brothers to read it to her as she is illiterate. As-salamu `alaykum warahmatullah wabarakatuh (May Allah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!)

A: Both the spouses should fear Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and do their duties towards each other in kindness. They should both be kind to their in-laws in order to create intimacy and become a close-knit family. Allah (Exalted be He) says: …and live with them honourably. He (Glorified be He) also says: Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allâh has made one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) from their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient (to Allâh and to their husbands), and guard in the husband’s absence what Allâh orders them to guard (e.g. their chastity, their husband’s property). In his explanation of “devoutly obedient,” Ibn `Abbas and others said, “It refers to women who are obedient to their husbands.” Commenting on Allah’s Saying: Men are the protectors and maintainers of women , Ibn Kathir (may Allah be merciful with him) reported from Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them) that he (Ibn `Abbas) said, “It means that men are in charge of them. A woman has to obey her husband in matters in which Allah has ordered her to obey him; and this includes

(Part No. 19; Page No. 268)

being kind to his family and prudent with his money.” May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member Deputy Chairman Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan
`Abdul-Razzaq `Afify
`Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

consistencies between the Shee’a and between the Jews and the Christians

Taken from the book:1

The Upright Answer
In Regards To The Salvation Of The Drowning Shee’a

Written by: Shaykh Abu ‘Amr Abdul-Kareem Bin Ahmed Al-Hajooree

May Allah hasten its full translation

Chapter: consistencies between the Shee’a and between the Jews and the Christians

Shaykhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah mentioned in “Minhaaj as-Sunnahtil Nabawiyyah” (1/23-28):1

q…And a sign or that is the ordeal of the Raafidhah is the (same) ordeal as the Jews:1

1- The Jews say: It is not right that a king should be from other than the family of Dawood, and the Raafidhah say: It is not right that an Imaam should be from other than the descendants of ‘Alee.1

2- The Jews say: There is no Jihaad in the path of Allah until the Dajaal appears, and the sword decends from the sky, and the Raafidhah say: There is no Jihaad in the path of Allah until the Mehdi appears, and a caller calls from the sky.1

3- The Jews delay Maghrib time until the intricate patterns of the stars become visible, just as the Raafidhah do, and the prophet, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and his family said: “My Ummah will not cease to be upon the fitrah until they delay Maghrib until the intricate patterns of the stars become visible”[1]1

4- The Jews turn slightly away from the Qiblah, as do the Raafidhah

5- The Jews sway during prayer, as do the Raafidhah

6- The Jews lower their garments during prayer, as do the Raafidhah

7- The Jews do not see any waiting period for the divorced woman, neither do the Raafidhah

8- The Jews distorted the Taurah, and likewise the Raafidhah distort the Qur’an

9- The Jews say: Allah made obligatory upon us fifty prayers, so do the Raafidhah

10- The Jews are not sincere when they convey Salaam upon the believers, rather they say : As-Saamu Alaikum (i.e. Death be upon you), as do the Raafidhah

11- The Jews do not eat any sea creature that does not have scales, Eel or rabit, just like the Raafidhah

12- The Jews do not see it permissible to wipe over the Khuffain, neither do the Raafidhah

13- The Jews make (the taking) of money from everybody Halaal, just like the Raafidhah, and Allah has informed us of that in the Qur’an:1

قَالُوا لَيْسَ عَلَيْنَا فِي الأُمِّيِّينَ سَبِيلٌ
they say: “There is no blame on us to betray and take the properties of the illiterates (Arabs).”1
Aal ‘Imraan 75

q…Just like the Raafidhah

14- The Jews make prostration upon “their horns [2]” during prayer, just like the Raafidhah

15- The Jews do not prostrate until they make movement with their head couple of times in a manner like they are going into rukoo’, just like the Raafidhah

16- The Jews hate Jibreel, and say: “He is our emeny from the Angels”, just like the Raafidhah who say: “He made a mistake by giving the revelation to Mohammed, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and his family”.1

17- Likewise the Raafidhah agree with the Christians in one characteristic:1

q (And that is) that the Christians do not have for their women any marriage contract, rather they only enjoy them (i.e. have intercourse with them), just like the Raafidhah who get married temporarily, and make them Halaal temporarily (just to have intercourse).1

And the Jews and Christians are better than the Raafidhah on two characteristics:1

1- The jews were asked who are the best people of your religion? So then they answered: The companions of Musaa.1

2- The Christians were asked who are the best people of your religion? So they answered: The deciples of ‘Isa.1

So the Raafidhah were asked who are the worst people of your religion, so they answered: The Companions of Mohammed (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and his family)! They were ordered to seek forgiveness for them however they slander them.1


q[1] on the authority of Abee Ayyoub, reported by Ahmed (5/422) and the Hadeeth is Hassan (sound).1

q[2] Their horns: I.e. the tefillin that the Jews tie to their heads and the stone that the Raafidhah prostrate upon


Regarding the statements: “My recitation of the Qur’aan is created/uncreated”.

Regarding the statements: “My recitation of the Qur’aan is created/uncreated”.
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الحمد لله رب العالمين
و الصلاة و السلام على رسوله الأمين
أما بعد

Ibn Abee Daawood mentions in his poem ‘Haa’iyyah(1)’:

And do not say that the Quran is created, meaning: its recitation,

Since the Speech of Allaah, through its recitation, is made clear.

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah) explains:

“And this is the third madhhab regarding this matter;

The First Madhhab: (They) state clearly that the Qur’aan is created.

The Second Madhhab: (They) withold, so they do not say (the Qur’aan) is created or uncreated.

The Third Madhhab: They say: ‘The recitation of the Qur’aan is created’, so one of them will (actually) say “My recitation of the Qur’aan is created!”

This (third madhhab) in reality is deception (and it is) upon the speech that ‘that Qur’aan is created’. It is not allowed for you to say: ‘My recitation of the Qur’aan is created’, neither is it allowed for you to say : ‘(My recitation) is uncreated’. Rather (this issue) requires detailed explanation.

If you say: ‘My recitation of the Qur’aan is created’ and you do not clarify, then this is the madhhab of the Jahmiyyah(2).

If you say: ‘My recitation of the Qur’aan is uncreated’ then you have made your (bodily) actions equal with the actions of Allaah and you have made your action (of recitation) uncreated. This is the madhhab of the Qadariyyah, those who deny the Qadr (Pre-Decree) and claim that the slaves are the ones who invent their own actions and bring them into existence.

So it is a must that you clarify, in that you ask: ‘what do you intend with your saying ‘my recitation of the Qur’aan’? Do you intend the utterance (with the tongue) and the vocalisation/voice or do you intend that which is being recited (i.e. the Qur’aan)?

If you intend the thing that is being recited itself, then it is uncreated for verily that which is being recited is the Speech of Allaah, Majestic and Most High.

Whereas if you intended the actual utterance, that which is pronounced with your tongue, then this is created. For your tongue, voice and utterance of words are created. As for what is being recited itself – which is transmitted by vocalisation – then this is uncreated. Therefore it (the statement mentioned) requires clarification.

They (those who make these kinds of statements) want generalities, with that you say: ‘My recitation is created’, or that you say: ‘(my recitation) is uncreated’. They enter (start their evil) by way of this trick. Thus you must clarify, in order to cut off their path.

This is why Ahlus-Sunnah say:

الصوت صوت القاري و الكلام كلام الباري

The voice is the voice of the reciter and the speech is the Speech of the Originator.

Meaning: That which is being recited is the Speech of Allaah, as for the recitation and the action (of recitation), then it is the speech of the creation, his voice is created and his pronunciation is created.
Due to this peoples recitations and voices differ (in their recitation of the Qur’aan), some of them have elegancy whilst others do not, some of them are good whilst others not so – this is a proof that the voice is created. Those who recite the Qur’aan differ (from each other), some of them have been given beautiful voices whilst others have not been given that, but as for the Speech of Allah – Majestic and Most High – then of course it is of the highest perfection.

It is not befitting to even enter into this matter, however they (the Jahmiyyah and Qadariyyah) have compelled the Muslims to (enter into) this. It (has become) a must to expose them and to clarify (the Truth). In reality it is an affliction and had not Allaah brought about Imaams who could clarify this, then many of the people would have remained doubtful in this matter.

So the Madhaahib are three:

The First: The way of the Jahmiyyah, who speak with the creation of the Qur’aan.

The Second: The way of the Waaqifah (who say neither and ‘withold’).

The Third: The way of the Lafdhiyyah, those who say: “My recitation of the Qur’aan is created” or “My recitation of the Qur’aan is uncreated”.

We say to them (the third group): You have to make clarification, if you intend the recitation with (your) voice then this is created but if you intend what is being recited, then it is the Speech of Allaah, which is uncreated.

For this reason it has been narrated in the hadeeth:

((Beautify the Qur’aan with your voices)),(3)

Thus the reciter is required to beautify his voice when reciting the Qur’aan. (The Prophet) – sallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – used to be amazed by a beautiful voice (reciting) the Qur’aan, he would listen to Aboo Moosaa al-Ash’aree – radiyallaahu ‘anhu – whilst he was praying during the night, because Allaah had given him a good recitation, so the Prophet – sallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – would listen to him. Likewise the Prophet – sallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam ordered ‘Abdullaah bin Mas’ood – radiyallaahu ‘anhu – to recite for him and he would listen to him, he said:

((Surely, I love to listen to other than myself))(4),

so (ibn Mas’ood) recited to him the beginning of Sooratun-Nisaa. The Prophet – sallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – loved a nice voice reciting the Qur’aan and a good voice is a blessing from Allaah.” (End of Shaykh al-Fawzaan’s speech).

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

1) A poem regarding the ‘Aqeedah of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah written by Aboo Bakr Abdullaah bin Sulaymaan binul-Ash’ath as-Sijistaanee (died.316H rahimahullaah). He was well known by the name ‘ibn Abee Daawood’ for his father was the great Imaam Aboo Daawood (author of Sunan Abee Daawood). [Trans. note]

2) The Jahmiyyah: A deviant, astray sect whose origins lie with Jahm bin Safwaan and his teachers, Jahm was later executed by the Ruler of his time (due to his beleiefs). They took principles from the books of Greek/Indian philosophers and applied these to the Religion of Allaah. They negate all of Allaah’s Names and Attributes, His Istiwaa above the Throne and His Descent to the lowest heaven in the last third of the night. They claim Allaah exists without a place. These claims here regarding the Qur’aan and a classic example of their misguidance and confusion. They broke up/deformed into splinter groups like the Mu’tazilah, the Kullaabiyyah, the Ashaa’irah, the Maatureediyyah, etc. For more information, go to: [Trans. note]

3) Reported by Aboo Daawood (1468), an-Nasaa’ee in ‘al-Mujtabaa’ (2/179), ibn Maajah (1342), Ahmad in ‘al-Musnad’ (4/283), al-Bayhaqee in ‘as-Sunanul-Kubraa’ (2/53), ad-Daarimee (2/565), al-Haakim in ‘al-Mustadrak’ (1/76, 762) and Aboo Ya’laa in ‘al-Musnad’ (3/245). This hadeeth was authenticated by the Muhaddith ash-Shaykh Muhammad Naasirud-Deen al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah).

4) From the hadeeth of Aboo Burdah reported by al-Bukhaaree (5048) and Muslim (236 and 793) upon the authority of Aboo Moosaa al-Ash’aree (radiyallaahu ‘anhu).

5) Reported by al-Bukhaaree (4582) and Muslim (248 and 800) from the hadeeth of ‘Abdullaah bin Mas’ood (radiyallaahu ‘anhu).

– Sharhul-Mandhoomatil-Haa’iyyah fee ‘Aqeedati Ahlis-Sunnati wal-Jamaa’ah of Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah)pg.75-77 Daarul-‘Aasimah.

[Translated by Abul-Husayn Yusuf McNulty, with the exception of the opening line of poetry (which was taken from the translation on]
Abul-Husayn al-Irlandee

Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ‘ala rasulullaah

Here is part of what Shaikh Saalih al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah) said in his sharh of ‘Aqeedah At-Tahaawiyyah regarding those deviants who say, “the Qur`an is created.” Search for Points 45-54, pages 33-39 of the link.

Q: Which groups believe that the Qur`aan is created??

The Jahmiyyah and the Mu’tazilah.

Q: Why do these groups hold this belief?

They hold this mistaken belief because they believe that Allaah does not literally speak – due to their foolish methodology of negating all of Allaah’s Attributes. They fall into this out of fear that by affirming Allaah’s Attributes, they will be committing tashbeeh (resembling Allaah to the Creator).

These groups do not distinguish between the Attributes of the Creator on one hand, and the Attributes of the Creation on the other.So these groups flee from tashbeeh (resembling Allaah to His Creation) only to fall into the blameworthy ta’teel (negation of Allaah’s Attributes) – which in fact is even worse! A good example of: out of the frying pan, into the Fire.

Q: What simple principle does the shaykh bring to destroy their arguments?

He hafidhahullaah said:

If only they (i.e. these two groups) affirmed that which Allaah affirmed for Himself, and were aware that there is a difference between the Attributes of the Creator and the Attributes of the Creation, they would surely have precisely arrived at the Truth, and felt at ease, and left the people at ease. However they were upon misguidance.


Q: What is the ruling passed upon the person who thinks that when he hears the Qur`aan, he is only hearing the speech of a human?

This person has committed kufr (disbelief).

Q: Why is this ruling passed upon such a person?

Such a person has rejected the speech of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic. So if there is no speech of Allaah which He revealed upon His Servants, then how can the hujjah (proof) be established against them?

If there is not be found anywhere in existence the Speech of Allaah – not in the Tawraah, nor in the Injeel, nor in the Qur`aan – then this implies that the proof from Allaah has not been established upon Mankind, and this is from the worst forms of disbelief and the most severe misguidance.


Q: Who is the person mentioned in the Qur`aan itself who made the grave error of saying that the Qur`aan was the speech of a human?

It was al Waleed ibn al Mugheerah al Makhzoomi. He was from the senior figures amongst the kuffaar of Makkah, and one of their most powerful people. He was known as ‘The Flower of Makkah’ due to his high standing amongst them.

Q: How did he come to deny that the Qur`aan was the Speech of Allaah?

When he heard the Qur`aan, al Waleed was amazed by it and knew that it could not be the speech of a mere human. He therefore praised it, acknowledging that it was not like the poetry or sorcery that he was familiar with. However his people scolded and reprimanded him for saying this, since his statement would mean acknowledging the messengership of Muhammad sall Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam.

So al Waleed turned back on his opinion and said: This is nothing but the word of a human being. (Soorah al Muddathir (74) aayah 25)

And so Allaah revealed the aayaat in Soorah al Muddathir (aayaat 18 to 25).

Q: What fate did Allaah promise this man?

He, the Most High, stated: I will cast him into Hellfire. (Soorah al Muddathir (74) aayah 26)


Q: To whom does the shaykh hafidhahullaah compare al Waleed ibn al Mugheerah al Makhzoomi?

He compares al Waleed to the misguided Muslim who incorrectly states that the Qur`aan is not the Speech of Allaah in reality, but rather the speech of a man.

For what is the difference between these two people – al Waleed and the misguided Muslim – except that the latter claims Islaam for himself and the former did not claim to be Muslim??