A Comparison between Those Obsessed with Takfīr & Bombings and Those Who Call for Peace & Well-Being


A Comparison between Those Obsessed with Takfīr & Bombings and Those Who Call for Peace &
Well-Being
بذل النصح والتذكري لبقايا ااملفتونني بالتكفري والتفجري :Original Title

Today, many non-Muslims have entered the Arabian Peninsula for a specific set time
(jobs, etc.). And many people from this country have also begun telling them about Islam,
spreading offices throughout the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia called “Taw’iyyah al-Jāliyāt” or
“Community Enlightenment” offices. This has been going on for a long time now, and
because of it, many people have accepted Islam. According to a comprehensive report
by the “Community Enlightenment” office in Buraidah, Qaseem (a city near Riyadh) for
example, as many as fifteen thousand people entered Islam between 1407 (C.E. 1986)
and the beginning of 1424 (C.E. 2003). And the completion of such people’s guidance,
after Allāh guided them to Islam, is that they meet sincere and righteous callers to peace
and well-being, those who teach them the understanding of the religion according to the
righteous predecessors, those far removed from evil innovations and issues foreign to
Islam.
However, beginning in the year 1424 (C.E. 2003), some young people in this country
(Saudi Arabia) were afflicted with the trials of renouncing obedience to the leaders and
government and the audacity to kill non-Muslims who’ve entered our country and were
promised safety and security. They claim they are “ridding the Arabian Peninsula of the
disbelievers.” By doing that, they’ve brought evil upon themselves, their religion and its
people, and their nation. In the “al-Qabas al-Muwaytiyyah” newspaper (no. 11137) dated
the 23
rd
of Rabī’ al-Ākhir, 1425 (C.E. 2004), an article by Dr. Ḥamad Ibn Ibrāhīm al-
‘Uthmān was published by the title: “The Ideology of Bombing in the Spotlight”. Within this
article were many statements from such misguided youth (the terrorists) that have been
published on a well-known internet site. The fifth reported statement says:
“Everyone must know that if they want to make us leave our ideology, the very
ideology for which we were created, with which we were commanded, because
of which we’ve spilled our own blood – if they want us to leave this, then let them
dig up Muhammad ( وسلم عليه اه صلى ) from his grave and let him say to us, ‘Do not
expel the disbelievers from the Arabian Peninsula!’ Dig him up to tell us, ‘Do not
make Jihād against the disbelievers from the Arabian Peninsula!’ Dig him up to
tell us, ‘You are all sinners, extremists, terrorists! You should instead renounce
this and repent from it.’ Only then will we listen and obey, and only to him ( اه صلى
“!( عليه وسلم
Anyone who reflects on these statements full of utmost wickedness, the extreme, harshheartedness of these people becomes apparent as does their blunt, discourteous
manners, and their petrified, intolerant ideology. I do not even think many of the
misguided youth bent on destruction within this country would approve of such speech
that calls to nothing but an evil end. These people should repent and return to guidance
and pay no attention to the likes of such vile statements that only show the filth, evil,
meanness and shamelessness of whoever said it.
The following is a summarized comparison between the actions of these misguided youth
and the actions of sincere callers to peace and righteousness:
1. The misguided youth accept and approve of disbelief from a nonbeliever and
therefore rush him to the Fire (by killing him). They bring him out of darkness into
darkness, from torture to torture. As for the sincere callers to well-being, they work to
bring a nonbeliever out of darkness and into light, so that he may triumph, thereby
gaining happiness and contentment in this life and the next.

2. The misguided youth, by killing a nonbeliever (residing in this land) send him back to
his family in a coffin so that they may be filled with hatred and resentment towards
Islam and Muslims, so they may attribute to Islam what it is actually free and innocent
of – all because of these misguided people. As for the sincere callers to
righteousness, by inviting others to Islam, a person may return to his family as a
Muslim. He becomes a member of Islam, inviting his own family and others to it.
3. The misguided youth subject themselves to the punishment reported in the statement
:( صلى اه عليه وسلم ) of the Prophet
مَنْ قَتَلَ مُعَاهَدًا لَمْ يَرِحْ رَائِحَةَ الْجَنَةِوَإِنَ رِحيَهَا تُوجَدُ مِنْ مَسِريَةِ أَرْبَعِنيَ عَامًا
“Whoever kills a Muā’hid (a non-Muslim promised safety) will not even smell the
fragrance of paradise even though its scent can be smelled from forty years
away.”
2
As for the sincere callers, by their invitation (to Islam), they hope for rewards
promised in the statement of the Prophet ( وسلم عليه اه صلى ):
مَنْ دَعَا إِلَى هُدًى كَانَ لَهُ مِنْ اأَجْرِ مِثْلُ أُجُورِ مَنْ تَبِعَهُ ا يَنْقُُُ ََلََِ مِنْ أُجُورِهِمْ ََيًًْا
“Whoever calls to guidance, there is for him a reward for anyone who follows
him without diminishing their own rewards at all.”
3
4. The misguided ones, their family and relatives live in grief, distress, worry, and
sadness; they regret the condition of their wicked children. The sincere callers, their
family and relatives live in happiness, delight, and approval with the condition of their
noble children.
5. The misguided ones, by their disgraceful actions, prevent people from entering Islam,
damaging the reputation of the pure monotheistic religion. The sincere callers, by

their noble actions and their enthusiasm for Islam, work to bring nonbelievers out of
darkness and into light.
6. The misguided people were not even able to perform Jihād against their own (evil)
inclinations. And they ruined themselves and others in that they’ve fallen into a form
of corruption they call “Jihād”. As for the sincere callers, they perform Jihād against
their own inclinations and perform a form of Jihād (struggle) with others by inviting
them to Islam.
7. The misguided ones, by their horrible actions, become keys opening the doors to evil,
locking the doors to all good. The sincere callers, by their noble actions, become
keys opening the doors to all good, locking the doors to evil. In “Sunan Ibn Mājah”,
:said ( صلى اه عليه وسلم ) said that Allāh’s messenger ( رضي اه عنه ) Anas
إِنَ مِنْ النَاسِ مَفَاتِيحَ لِلْخَيْرِ مَغَالِيقَ لِلشَرِ وَإِنَ مِنْ النَاسِ مَفَاتِيحَ لِلشَرِ مَغَالِيقَ لِلْخَيْرِ
فَطُوبَى لِمَنْ جَعَلَ اللَهُ مَفَاتِيحَ الْخَيْرِ عَلَى يَدَيْهِ وَوَيْلٌ لِمَنْ جَعَلَ اللَهُ مَفَاتِيحَ الشَرِ عَلَى
يَدَيْهِ
“Certainly, among people are those who are keys to (the doors of) good, locking
(the doors of) evil. And certainly, among people are those who are keys to (the
doors of) evil, locking (the doors of) good. So, Ṭūbá (a rewarding tree in
paradise) is for whomever Allāh places the keys to good upon his hands, and
woe (beware or a pit in Hell) to those Allāh places the keys to evil upon his
hands.”4

8. The misguided youth are a threatened people by Allāh’s statement:
 إِنَ اللّهَ اَ يُصْلِحُ عَمَلَ الْمُفْسِدِينَ 
Certainly, Allāh does not amend the work of corruptors.
[Sūrah Yūnus, 10:81]

And the sincere callers are a promised people by Allāh’s statement:
 إِنَا اَ نُضِيعُ أَجْرَ الْمُصْلِحِنيَ 
Certainly, We will not allow to be lost the reward of the good-doers.
[Sūrah Al-‘Arāf, 7:170]
9. The misguided ones can expect a portion of what’s come in the prophet’s ( عليه اه صلى
:statement ( وسلم
وَمَنْ خَرَجَ عَلَى أُمَتِي يَضْرِبُ بَرَهَا وَفَاجِرَهَا وَا يَتَحَاََى مِنْ مُؤْمِنِهَا وَا يَفِي لِذِ عَهْد
عَهْدَهُ فَلَيْسَ مِنِي وَلَسْتُ مِنْهُ
“Whoever rebels against my nation, killing both the righteous and wicked
(indiscriminately), not even sparing the devout believers, and not fulfilling the
obligation towards those given a pledge (of security) – then he is not from me
and I am not from him.”
5
And the sincere callers can expect a portion of what’s come in the prophet’s ( اه صلى
:statement ( عليه وسلم
ثَاثُ خِصَالٍ ا يَغِل عَلَيْهِنَ قَلْبُ مُسْلِمٍ أَبَدًا إِخْاصُ الْعَمَلِ لِلَهِ وَمُنَاصَحَةُ وُاةِ اأَمْرِ
وَلُزُومُ الْجَمَاعَةِ فَإِنَ دَعْوَتَهُمْ تُحِيطُ مِنْ وَرَائِهِمْ
“There are three traits a Muslim’s heart never resents: sincerity in doing actions
for Allāh, offering sincere advise to those in authority, and sticking to the
mainstream community (of Muslims) because certainly their supplication
encompasses all around them.”6

1: This translation consists of some points explained by ‘Abd al-Muḥsin al-‘Abbād in his work titled:
“A Reminder to Those Obsessed with Takfīr and Bombings”.

2: Recorded by al-Bukhārī (no. 3122) from the ḥadīth of ‘Abd Allāh Ibn ‘Umar ( عنه اه رضي ).

3: Recorded by Muslim (no. 2674) from the ḥadīth of Abū Hurayrah ( عنه اه رضي ).

4: Recorded by Ibn Mājah (no. 237). Also see “al-Silsilah al-Ṣaḥīḥah” (no. 1332) of al-Albānī.

5: Recorded by Muslim (no. 1848) from the ḥadīth of Abū Hurayrah ( عنه اه رضي ).
6: Recorded by Aḥmad (no. 21590) with an authentic chain of narration from the ḥadīth of Zayd Ibn
Thābi .( رضي اه عنه )

http://authentictranslations.com/trans-pub/ae_amaa_1.pdf

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Clarifying The Errors in the Minhaj of Salafipublications (Update 1.1)


Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem!

All praise is for Allaah, Lord of the Universe. May peace and blessings be upon the one who was sent as a mercy to all of mankind.

To proceed:

Allhumdulilah, this post in the blog will be periodically updated. The purpose of this post is to collect in one place the glaring errors of Salafi Publications and its associates. Almost nearing two decades, it has been noticed that Salafipublications, as an organization and the individuals running it, has been working very hard to monopolize and control Dawathus Salafiyah and have always claimed to be upon the truth. On the contrary, the reality is against them. They have been numerous times refuted and the false principles that the bring about to judge people and affairs to outcast from the fold of salafiyah has been refuted by the Kibar ulamah, allhumdulilah. Here below is the list of links demonstrating the glaring errors and deception of Salafipublications and its followers.

Very recently, a full fledge attack against madeenah.com website was launched by Salafipublications and in defense of it Shaykh Khalid Radaadee spoke and defended the website and its activites.

Shaykh Khaalid ar-Raddaadee Addresses Some of the Malicious Allegations Levied Against Madeenah.Com

The Noble Shaykh (hafidhahullah), amongst other things, clarifies some issues regarding brother abu Usaamah (hafidhahullah) and delivers some much needed naseehah.

http://salafimanhaj.com/pdf/SalafiManhaj_OnAbooUsaamah.pdf

Taken from a recorded lecture by Shaykh Waseeullaah ‘Abbaas (17th December 2005) and asked by the brother Abu Muhammad al-Maghribee
http://salafimanhaj.com/pdf/SHAIKHWASEEULLAAH_JamiatAhlul-Hadeeth.pdf

THE ADVICE OF SHAYKH FAWZAAN CONCERNING THE FITNAH BETWEEN ABU’L-HASAN AND SHAYKH RABEE’
http://salafimanhaj.com/pdf/SalafiManhaj_FawzanOnShaykhs

AL’ALLAAMAH AL-MUHADDITH HAMDEE ‘ABDULMAJEED AS-SALAFI ON SHAYKH ALI HASAN AL-HALABEE
http://salafimanhaj.com/pdf_page.php?pdf=204

Madeenah.Com Responds to the Unfounded Accusations by Salafi Publications

Madeenah.com Responds to the Unfounded Accusations – 1
http://www.madeenah.com/notes.cfm?id=1019

Madeenah.com Responds to the Unfounded Accusations – 2
http://www.madeenah.com/notes.cfm?id=1020

Madeenah.com Responds to the Unfounded Accusations – 3
http://www.madeenah.com/notes.cfm?id=1021

Madeenah.com Responds to the Unfounded Accusations – 4
http://www.madeenah.com/notes.cfm?id=1022

A Series of Refutations of the Doubts of Amjad Rafeeq

1’A Clarification of the book ‘Foundations of The Sunnah
http://www.dawahfromyemen.info/pdfs/…afeeq&eman.pdf
A Timely Response to the Shenanigans of Amjad Rafiq of Spubs (may Allah guide them)
http://www.dawahfromyemen.info/pdfs/timelyresponse.pdf
A Refutation on Amjad Rafeeq
http://www.dawahfromyemen.info/pdfs/…mjadrafeeq.pdf
A Gift of Guidance to Abu Iyaad regarding the Issues of Eeeman
http://www.dawahfromyemen.info/pdfs/hadiya.pdf
Another Response to the Feeble Doubts of Amjad Rafeeq
http://www.dawahfromyemen.info/pdfs/feebleresponsetoamjad.pdf
A Second gift for the one who opposed the clear Usool

http://www.dawahfromyemen.info/pdfs/2ndgift2amjad.pdf
A Rational Reply to the False Claims of Amjad http://www.dawahfromyemen.info/pdfs/Rationalreply.pdf
Has Spubs been Attacked or Advised?1

http://www.dawahfromyemen.info/pdfs/spubs_advice.pdf

A Series of Refutations on Spubs

1: Unveiling the Deception behind “In Defense of the Scholars”, is a 40+ page work by the honorable brother, Abee Ibrahim Abdillah ibn Mohan Al-Hindi.

To Download: http://www.aloloom.net/download_book.php?id=348

2: Refutation on the response of SPUBS, addresses the points made by SPUBS in an email sent on October 18, 2010.

To Download: http://www.juzammapublications.com/pubs/radd2.pdf

3: The Victory of the lord of the Creation in Clarifying SPUBS’ Deviation, is a 60+ page work by the honorable brother, Abee Ibrahim Abdillah bin Mohan Al-Hindi which continues to shed light on the affair of the SPUBS group .

Read and Approved by: Our honourable Shaikh, The Allamaah, The Muhaddith of Yemen, Abee Abdir-Rahman Yahya bin A’lee Al-Hajooree (may Allah protect him).

To Download:http://www.juzammapublications.com/pubs/victory.pdf

4:Relative talk about what was posted on Salafitalk.

To Download :http://www.juzammapublications.com/pubs/radd3.pdf

5:In Defense of the Trustworthy Advisor from the Injustices and Scorn of The Ones Put to Trials in the Religion: A Response to Abdul Ghanee ibn Goodchild al- Guyaanee.

To Download:http://www.juzammapublications.com/pubs/radd4.pdf

6:A Clarification of the deceptions of Salafipublications.

To Download: http://aloloomenglish.net/vb/attachm…8&d=1343762517

7:Knowledge Based Refutation of Abdullah Al-Gambi

To Download: :http://aloloomenglish.net/vb/attachment.php?attachmentid=59&d=1343762912

8:Musa Millington’s Advice to Salafi Publications (SPUBS)

To Download: http://www.juzammapublications.com/pubs/mill.pdf

9:Returning a reply to the doubts of Abu Khadeejah and clarifying the reality of the Maktabah’s bayaan –

To Download: http://www.juzammapublications.com/pubs … deejah.pdf

10:An Accurate Answer to the Question of SPUBS: Why is Maktabah Asl-Salafiyyah Refuted by Ash-Shaykh Yahyaa and others?

To Download: http://www.juzammapublications.com/pubs … answer.pdf

To read the statements of the Mashaayikh regarding Spubs click the thread below:

http://aloloomenglish.net/vb/showthread.php?31-The-Statements-of-The-Mashaayikh-regarding-Spubs

Rulings pertaining to An–Naskh (Abrogation)


Rulings pertaining to An–Naskh (Abrogation)

Preface

In the name of Allaah, the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy. The One who sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth, to make it superior over all religions even though the disbelievers hate it. They wish to extinguish the light of Allaah with their mouths , but Allaah will not allow except that His Light should be perfected even though the disbelievers hate it. To proceed

Before you is a short treatise regarding an-Naskh (abrogation) and some rules pertaining to it. The origin of this short treatise is that it is a reply to a request by a dear friend of mine. He came across a Christian caller in Leicester (UK) who was trying to create confusion and doubt amongst the Muslims. He would constantly debate with the Muslims regarding the issue of Abrogation. He then challenged the Muslims, saying: ‘if you can answer the following questions I will remain silent; these questions were: What is abrogation? How, when and why is it used? Who decides if it is applicable to a particular situation?

The brother asked me to answer these questions so that he could then forward the answer to this Christian. The Issue of Abrogation is an important Issue which many people unfortunately are ignorant of. Due to this ignorance, many Christians callers use it to plant the seeds of doubt into the hearts of unaware Muslims, seeking to remove them from the Light of Islam to the Darkness of Disbelief.

The scholars from the time of the Salaf to this age have clarified this important issue and have thoroughly answered the above questions with proof and Insight. So I have not come with anything new, rather this answer has been taken from the books of our noble scholars. I must emphasise the importance of studying such matters that are frequently used by the enemies of Islaam to create doubt and confusion. No doubt this is an obligation upon the students of knowledge and also encouraged for the common Muslims.

As Muslims we must strive to learn about Islaam and to fortify ourselves with beneficial Knowledge from the Qur’an and the Sunnah upon the understanding of the righteous predecessors.

I ask Allah to protect the Muslims in general and those in the west specifically from the trials and tribulations of doubt and to grant them beneficial knowledge.

All Praise belongs to Allaah, may His peace and blessings be upon our final Prophet Muhammad, his family, his companions and all those who follow his guidance.
Abu Salma Muhammad Ali Hassan
Islamic University of Madinah
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

26th Sha’baan 1432,
corresponding to 28th July. 2011

Introduction

In the name of Allaah, the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy. Indeed all praise is due to Allaah alone. We praise Him, we seek His help, and forgiveness, and we seek refuge in Him from the evils of our own souls and actions. To proceed:

From the many bounties and blessings of Allaah on His creation is the revelation and message of Islaam. Allaah sent His Messenger Muhammad (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) as a mercy to mankind. He (the Prophet) carried the message of Islaam with dignity and humility He taught his companions everything that was revealed to him by his Lord and Creator. These revelations came down to him in two forms:

1 – The Qur’an: It contains the exact words of Allaah (the Almighty). It has been preserved to the letter from the time it was revealed to this day. It is the greatest miracle to be given to the Prophet Muhammad (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam).

It is a source of guidance to anyone who contemplates its beautiful meanings and reads it with an open heart and mind. It does not – and cannot – contradict itself. Whoever thinks there is a contradiction in the Qur’an then that is due to his weak understanding or corrupt intention.

2 – The Sunnah: This consists of the sayings of the Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) as well as his teachings and actions. Every word he uttered is considered a revelation from Allaah; similarly every action he performed is also a revelation – even when an action or an event that occurred in the Prophetic city during his lifetime and he affirmed it by not warning the people against such an action, then this action is considered part of his Sunnah.

The different types of Ahkaam (rulings)

All the Ahkaam (rulings) in the Sharee’ah are derived and taken from these two sources: The Qur’an and Sunnah. As Muslims we believe that Allaah has the right to do whatever He pleases, we also believe that Allaah does not oppress anyone and that He is always just. We believe that His rulings and revelations contain much wisdom. We may, or may not, necessarily know this wisdom, however we still have to follow and obey these rulings, simply because He is our Lord and Creator; He created us from nothing. He gave us so many bounties and blessings, were we to try and count them we would fail. From the beautiful names of Allaah are: ‘the All-Wise’ and ‘the Just’. From these two names we can derive the following attributes: Wisdom and Justice. So the revelations of Allaah are based upon wisdom and justice. If we know this fact, we come to the clear conclusion that there is absolutely no contradiction between any verse in the Qur’an, any narration in the Sunnah or between the Qur’an and the Sunnah. This is because the One who revealed them is the All-Wise and the All-Knower.

Every ruling in Islaam must be based upon evidence either from the Qur’an or the Sunnah or both. There are five rulings in Islam:

1) Compulsory: e.g. praying five times a day

2) Recommended: e.g. helping the needy

3) Permissible: This is any action or saying that is not the other 4 rulings.

4) Hated or Disliked: (although it is still permissible but not recommended): e.g. entering a Masjid with your left foot

5) Forbidden: e.g. committing adultery

Every action, word or belief comes under one of these categories. We use the Qur’an and the Sunnah as proof or evidence if we wish to put anything under one of these categories. For example, if one says that praying five times a day is compulsory. This is a ruling, so he must bring proof from the Quran and the Sunnah. The only ruling that does not require proof is the third ruling: that which is Permissible. This is because Allaah mentioned in the Qur’an that He created everything on earth for the luxury and benefit of mankind,

{He it is Who created for you all that is on earth.} [02:29]

The scholars derived from this verse that the origin of everything that is not worship comes under the ruling of being Permissible, and it is upon the one who says that it is impermissible or forbidden to bring a proof from the Quran or the Sunnah. An example of this, is if one was to say that eating dates is permissible – this is correct because the ruling is based upon the original principle (of permissibility). However if one was to say that drinking alcohol is impermissible then he must bring proof from the Quran or the Sunnah (there are many proofs prohibiting the drinking of alcohol found in the Quran and the Sunnah).

An-Naskh (Abrogation)

After this short introduction I would like to answer (with Allaah’s help) the following questions. What is abrogation? How, when and why is it used? Who decides if it is applicable to a particular situation?

Meaning of Naskh

Through the ages, the scholars of Islaam have clarified the meaning of abrogation (naskh) and its conditions.

The linguistic definition of abrogation is: suppression and removal.

The Islamic technical definition is: ‘The removal of an evidence (from the Quran or the Sunnah) for a particular ruling or it’s wording, and this removal is done due to an evidence from the Quran or the Sunnah.’

To clarify the above definition, when we say ‘removal’ we mean, that the ruling has changed from compulsory for example to recommended or from forbidden to permissible and vice versa. We also understand from this definition that abrogation is the sole right of Allaah and his Messenger. No scholar or angel can abrogate a ruling without evidence from the Quran or the Sunnah.

Before we move on I would like to clarify a very important point. Abrogation can only happen in the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam). After his death, all the rulings stay the same. This is because Allah mentioned in the Qur’an that He completed for us our religion,

{This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islâm as your religion.} [05:03]

The wisdom behind Abrogation

What is the wisdom behind abrogation? Why would Allaah abrogate a particular ruling? The answers are very simple. Naskh (abrogation) employs the logic of chronology and progressive revelation. The different situations encountered over the course of the Messenger’s life, required new rulings to meet the changing circumstances of the Muslim community. From a more theologically-inflected stand-point, the expiration points of those rulings Allaah intended as temporary all along were reached.

Another important point is that Allaah through His Mercy may want to prohibit a certain action, but because of the fact that the Muslims at that time were accustomed to practicing this particular action, it would come as a shock to them if it was suddenly prohibited. So Allaah through His Mercy sends down verses that discourage Muslims to do this action. Then He may send down another verse telling the Muslims about the damage caused by this action. All this, so that the Muslims are ready for the prohibition of this action.

A classic example of this progressive revelation is the prohibition of drinking alcohol. You will find in the Qur’an verses mentioning that the evils of drinking alcohol far out weigh the benefits. You will find another verse prohibiting it altogether. The person who is ignorant may think there is a contradiction.

We must also understand that abrogation or naskh only occurs in verses conveying commands, positive and negative. Verses cast in the indicative and conveying narrative statements, can be affected by neither naasikh [abrogating material] nor mansookh [abrogated text]. To further clarify, verses that talk about stories of the prophets, or the names and attributes of Allah cannot be abrogated. Likewise rulings that are a necessity to society and are a benefit to all mankind in every time and place such as the prohibition of adultery and murder etc cannot be abrogated.

Abrogation is applicable to both sources of Islamic law: the Qur’an and the Prophetic Sunnah. A Qur’anic verse may abrogate another Qur’anic verse, and a Prophetic Sunnah may likewise abrogate another Prophetic Sunnah. Abrogation can also happen between these two sources.

The conditions and pre-requirements of Abrogation

Abrogation cannot occur except if these conditions are found:

1 – That it becomes impossible to act upon both evidences. For example if a particular evidence prohibits an action and another evidence makes it permissible, we resort to abrogation. So one of the evidences abrogates the other providing the other conditions are met.

2 – Knowledge of the date of revelation of both evidences is a must, otherwise it is impossible to differentiate between the abrogating (naasikh) and the abrogated (mansookh). This is only known if the particular evidence contains hints such as the hadeeth ‘I used to forbid you from visiting the graves, so visit them ’ It is clear from the hadeeth that the prohibition preceded the recommendation. The date is also known if a companion informs us.

3 – The naasikh (the abrogating text) must be an evidence that is authentic (this only applies to the Sunnah)

All of this is decided by the scholars; they are the only people qualified to say whether a particular ruling is abrogated or not. It is worth remembering that the rulings that have been abrogated are very few in number, so few it is very easy to count them.

One of the many wisdoms of abrogation is the test it entails. Allaah tests His servants to see whether they will obey the new ruling the same way they obeyed the old one.

Modes of Abrogation

Abrogation has three modes:

naskh al-hukm dūna al-tilāwa: abrogation of the ruling but not the wording, or supersession. A regulation – embodied within either a Qur’anic verse or a hadeeth report- is replaced but its wording remains – in the former case, as text within the mu.shaf.

naskh al-hukm wa-’l-tilāwa: abrogation of both ruling and wording, or suppression/erasure. Applicable only to the Qur’an. A ruling is voided and its text omitted from the mus.haf. Evidence that the verse ever existed is preserved only within the Sunnah.

naskh al-tilāwa dūna al-hukm: abrogation of the wording but not the ruling. Again, applicable only to the Qur’ān. The text of a still-functional ruling is omitted from the mushaf. Proof of the verse’s existence is preserved within tradition (i.e. through a hadeeth report).

I ask Allah by his lofty names and beautiful attributes to bless this small effort and benefit anyone who reads this text.

References
1. The Qu’ran
2. Al Usool min ilm usool – Sh Muhammad bin Uthaimin

Authored by : Muhammad Ali Aideed Hassan, Abu Salma
http://madeenah.com/notes.cfm?id=1025